Learning Assessment principles are grounded in teaching and learning theories, in addition they rely on a purposeful action to create community, engagement, and authenticity.
In the online and traditional spaces, assessments are:
For assessments to be true to student learning outcomes, they need to rely on multiple methods of assessments, such as diagnostic, formative, and summative. To that end, faculty need to assess prior to instruction as a diagnostic tool, during instruction as a formative tool to assess learning acquisition and use assessment as a guide for learning, and finally summative assessment to measure attained learning against stated program and course learning objectives.
Conrad, D, & Openo, J. (2018). Assessment strategies for online learning: Engagement and authenticity. Athabasca, Canada: AU Press.
Quality Matters (QM). (2018). Course Development Rubric for Higher Education (6th edition).